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Registered retirement savings plan (RRSP)

The foundation of your retirement

An RRSP provides short and long-term tax advantages that can help fund the retirement you want.

  • Pay less tax now

    Contributing to an RRSP lowers your taxable income so you pay less income tax while saving for your retirement.

  • Keep more of your investments

    You don’t pay tax on the growth of your investments in your RRSP until you withdraw it so you can keep more of your money.

  • Help buy a first home or go to school

    Use money from your RRSP to help buy your first home or fund you or your spouse’s education.

What is an RRSP?

It’s an investing and retirement savings account registered with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) that provides Canadians benefits to save for retirement. The money you put towards an RRSP isn’t taxed as a part of your income, so you pay less income tax.  

It’s different from a typical savings account as it’s a place to put your investments where any growth isn’t taxed until you take your money out. Usually you’ll be retired by the time you withdraw your money, so you’ll generally pay less tax than in your higher earning years and get to keep more of your money for retirement.  

How does it work?

  • Talk to an advisor to open an RRSP with the right investments depending on your retirement goals and your risk tolerance.
  • Figure out the contributions that fit your situation, making sure you don’t go over your contribution room.
  • Your annual contributions can be deducted from your taxable income, thereby reducing your overall tax bill. 
  • Any investment growth grows tax free.
  • You can access money when you need it, but withdrawals are taxable.
  • Alternatively, you can withdraw tax-free to buy your first home or for you or your spouse’s education, if you qualify.
  • When you’re ready to retire or you turn 71, your RRSP converts to a RRIF where you must withdraw your minimum annual amount. Alternatively, you can purchase an income annuity.

What is your RRSP contribution limit?

Generally, your contribution limit is calculated by the Canada Revenue Agency based on these 3 factors:

  1. Total of your unused deduction room from the previous year
  2. Now add the smaller amount of:
    - 18% of the earned income you reported on your tax return last year
    - $29,210 (the annual limit for 2022)
  3. Then subtract any pension adjustment from the previous year (if applicable)

What happens if you go over your RRSP limit? 

You will be taxed 1% per month on any amount that is more than $2,000 over your contribution limit. If you don’t pay the additional tax within 90 days after the calendar year, you’ll face late-filing penalties or interest charged. 

What are the tax advantages?

An RRSP provides tax advantages up front and in the future.

  • Up front advantages

    It’s almost like paying yourself twice – at the same time as you’re saving, you’ll also reduce the income you’ll pay tax on. Let’s say you earn an $80,000 salary per year and you decide to contribute your allowed maximum into your RRSP—$14,400. When it’s time to pay your taxes, the CRA will only tax you on $65,600 of income.

  • Future advantages

    Any growth on the investments in your RRSP is sheltered from tax until you make a withdrawal, which is usually in retirement when you’re in a lower tax bracket.

What are the RRSP contribution rules?

There are 2 general RRSP contribution rules

  1. You can contribute until Dec. 31 of the year you turn 71 years old 

  2. You can contribute what you have available in your contribution room provided by the CRA 

What is the RRSP contribution deadline?

March 1, 2022 is the last day to contribute to you or your spouse’s RRSP to claim a deduction on your 2021 tax return.

Can you withdraw from your RRSP before you retire?

You can withdraw from your RRSP at any time but there are 3 main considerations:

  • Set your saving goals back

    You’ll lose the benefits of your earnings compounding which can have a large impact over time.

  • Pay tax now

    There’s an upfront withholding tax and the withdrawal amount is added to your taxable income in that year.

  • Lose your contribution room

    You permanently lose the contribution room for the amount you take out.

life group benefits

Times you may want to withdraw

You can withdraw funds from your RRSP tax-free to buy your first home or help fund you or your spouse’s education, within certain limits.

$35,000 for your first home

You can withdraw money from your RRSP to buy or build your first home as part of the Home Buyers’ Plan. You must re-contribute the amount that was taken out for the down payment over a 15-year period or you will be taxed on it. The 15-year repayment period begins 2 years after the calendar year in which you make the withdrawal.

$20,000 for your education

You can use a maximum amount of $20,000 to finance you or your spouse or common-law partner’s education through the Lifelong Learning Plan. You can only withdraw $10,000 per year. You must re-contribute the withdrawn amount over a period of several years or you will be taxed on it.

What is the difference between a group RRSP and an individual RRSP?

A group RRSP—usually offered through your employer—is different from one you might open on your own in two ways: Group RRSPs usually have lower management fees when compared to retail, and allow your employees to contribute through payroll. That’s a plus because it means your RRSP contributions are deducted before tax is—potentially reducing the amount of income tax from your pay.

Have a savings plan through your employer?

Use your online account to check your balance, make additional contributions, manage your personal information and more. 

Sign in to your account  - Opens in a new window

Do you need a TFSA or an RRSP?

At the end of the day a TFSA and an RRSP both help you do the same thing – allow you to save money for the future. But they do it in different ways, so depending on your circumstances, having both can help you achieve your goals.


How do you start one?

You earned an income and filed your income taxes for the previous year
Automatically if you’re 18 or older, have a valid social insurance number and are a Canadian resident

How long can you contribute?

Dec. 31 of the year you turn 71

For life

What’s the contribution deadline?

March 1, 2023 to claim a deduction for the previous year

Not applicable as contributions aren’t deductible

What’s the contribution limit?

The smaller amount of 18% of your earned income last year or 2022’s annual limit of $29,210 plus any unused carry-forward contribution room, less any pension adjustments

$6,500 for 2023, plus any withdrawals in a previous year and any unused contribution room carried forward from the previous year

What happens if you withdraw money?

Contribution room is permanently lost

Never lose contribution room. It’s re-added on Jan. 1 of the following year

What are the upfront tax advantages?

Lower your taxable income for the current year

None because contributions are made with after-tax income

What are the future tax advantages?

Any income earned in your RRSP is usually free from tax as long as it stays in the plan.

Every dollar you withdraw is taxed at your marginal tax rate, which is usually lower when you’re retired.

You generally won’t pay tax on any income earned in the account or the money you withdraw.

There aren’t any tax consequences if you need to use your savings for emergencies or short-term expenses.

Withdrawals aren’t considered income, so this money isn’t included when the government calculates benefits like Old Age Security, Guaranteed Income Supplement, GST/HST credits and other credits/benefits like the Age Credit.

Bottom line

Can provide greater short and long-term tax benefits but is less flexible because you have to pay income taxes on withdrawals
Doesn’t offer as many tax benefits, but is much more flexible because there are no tax consequences for withdrawals