How do employee benefits work?
January 2023 – 15 min read
Employee benefits are provided by your employer in addition to your salary.
Benefits may include health and dental coverage, life and disability insurance and a retirement savings plan.
Employee benefits often extend to cover dependents, which can help protect you and your family's financial, physical and mental well-being.
What are employee benefits?
Sometimes known as “group benefits”, “group insurance” or “workplace benefits”, employee benefitsOpens in a new window are provided by employers in addition to your salary as part of your overall compensation.
Employers are required to contribute to certain government benefitsOpens in a new window, such as the Canada Pension Plan (CPP)Opens in a new window and Employment Insurance and provide other benefits such as parental leaveOpens in a new window and vacation. Your employer may also offer other workplace benefits. These can include health and disability coverage, life insurance, and retirement savings options.
You may be covered by provincial or territorial health care plansOpens in a new window that provide basic coverage for essential medical care.
Workplace benefits help to bridge the gap between what’s covered by the government and what you pay out of pocketOpens in a new window, helping you to pay less for medical care whilst protecting your physical and mental well-being.
How workplace benefit plans work
Your employer will sponsor a plan from a provider such as Canada Life. In most cases, both you as the employee and the employer will pay premiums on for the coverage, which are typically deducted from your paycheque. In other cases, your employer would pay the full cost of the benefit plan.
Some plans offer flexible benefits that allow you to pick and choose your coverage options, while others provide the same coverage to all employees.
Types of employee benefits
Prescription drug coverage
Many plans offer coverage for prescription drugs, which can help you access and pay for the medication you need. Eligible drugs must be prescribed by a medical professional , they must be medically necessary, and must have a Drug Identification Number (DIN.) This is an 8-digit code that means it has been authorized for use by Health Canada.
Paramedical services, sometimes called Parameds, are healthcare services that aim to reduce stress, manage pain, and improve sleep and well-being.
Examples of these include:
- Physiotherapy and Chiropractors
- Massage therapists
- Naturopaths and Dieticians
- Psychologists and Social workers
Dental insuranceOpens in a new window provides coverage for dental and oral health procedures carried out by licensed professionals. This can range from routine check-ups and preventative care through to major operations, depending on the level of coverage.
Depending on your plan, dental benefits could help cover:
- Basic treatment, such as x-rays, routine tests, cleanings and ongoing care
- Major treatment, such as crowns, dentures, and bridgework
- Orthodontics, including braces and retainers
With vision care benefits, you can take care of your eyesight with:
- Routine eye exams
- Contact lenses
A workplace plan may offer short-term disability (STD) and/or long-term disability (LTD) coverage. This may cover some of your salary if you can’t work due to a sickness or injuryOpens in a new window.
Following a death, a life insurance lump sumOpens in a new window - Opens in a new window is paid to your beneficiary. This money can help your family with funeral costs, outstanding debts, or loss of crucial income.
Critical illness insurance
This lump sum is paid out following a life-altering diagnosis of a covered conditionOpens in a new window - Opens in a new window and can reduce the financial burden of fighting a serious illness.
Accident insurance can be paid out as a lump-sum following catastrophic injuries, or to help a beneficiary financially following the accidental death of the insured person.
Travel Emergency medical care and travel assistance
Some plans have coverage that will help you if you have a medical emergency while travellingOpens in a new window. This coverage can help with things like medical evacuation or help locating a doctor or hospital nearby, which can be helpful during a stressful time in an unfamiliar environment. It can also cover the cost of some or all of your medical expenses related to the emergency.
Health care spending accounts
Some employers may offer this to provide flexible, tax-effective coverage for health-related expenses that aren’t included in your plan.
Some employers may offer a plan that allows you to opt into more coverage.
Some optional coverage will end when you leave your employer, but some plans provide coverage you can keepOpens in a new window. For example, you may be able to can add life insurance, accident insurance and critical illness coverage to eligible workplace plans.
Your rates may even be less than you'd pay for individual coverage, helping you save while keeping you covered.
Workplace retirement and savings plans
On top of offering health insurance, some employers may also have a workplace retirement and savings planOpens in a new window that can help you plan for the future.
A pension plan is offered by an employer or association to provide retirement incomeOpens in a new window, which can help bridge the gap between your personal savings and government benefits for your retirement.
A pension plan offers more buying power because your contributions and your employer’s contributions are pooled and invested in segregated funds. In some cases, your employer may also match a portion of what you contribute over a minimum amount.
Try to take advantage because it’s additional money to save for your retirementOpens in a new window.
Your employer may also offer other savings products such as group Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs)Opens in a new window, Tax Free Savings Accounts (TFSA)Opens in a new window, Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP)Opens in a new window or a Deferred Profit-Sharing Plan (DPSP)Opens in a new window.
What happens to your benefits if you leave your job?
If you retire or leave your jobOpens in a new window and had coverage through your workplace, this normally ends when you leave your employer.
You should talk to your Human Resources (HR) representative as soon as you know you’re leaving, as you may be able to keep or replace some of your coverage, such as life insurance, accident insurance or critical illness insurance.
If your health and dental coverage ends, you could look at purchasing personal insuranceOpens in a new window.
If you’re not covered by a workplace plan but still want to explore health coverage options, personal insurance may be right for you.
Speak to your HR representative or sign into your online account to learn more about your Canada Life workplace plan.
The information provided is general in nature and should not be relied upon as a substitute for advice in any specific situation. For specific situations, advice should be obtained from the appropriate legal, accounting, tax or other professional advisors. You should carefully review the details of your own coverage that are set out in your policy or certificate of insurance.